Type 99 7.7mm Rifle & Bayonet
This famous bolt action rifle was adopted by the Japanese
military in 1939. The original intention was to replace the
previous (and successful) Type 38 6.5mm Arisaka (named after
the Colonel who oversaw its adoption) in 1897. The new 7.7mm
and the older 6.5mm served throughout the Second World War.
The "Arisaka" was named after the Colonel who oversaw
its adoption in 1897.
infantry tactics emphasised the use of the bayonett, the infantry
man's sword. The primary kind of bayonet used on Japanese
rifles in World War II was the Type 30, introduced in 1897.
They averaged about 20 inches in overall length.
revised model, the Type 99 was produced in 1939. It fired
the 7.7 mm round used in the Japanese heavy machine gun. It
supplemented the earlier version in service. Ammunition was
carried on the belt in two pouches,
each holding a half dozen five rounds clips for a total of
sixty rounds for the average soldier.